The question after the hygiene cannot be answered so simply. It must be cleared what does “hygiene” really mean and why does hygiene receive such a high value. The following presentation gives an insight about hygiene especially in the working environment “studio”. Also the juridical demands for hygienic work and the examination of the measures should be introduced by cleaning and disinfection.
Hygienically does not mean just cleanly, because, otherwise, you would say cleanly and not hygienically. And now the microbiology comes into the game with microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, mould, mushrooms and yeasts or however biofilms. Here the differentiation already begins. The difference between these microorganisms is sometimes very big. To the hygiene relevant microorganisms belong – to enumerate only some – e.g., Salmonella, Pseudomonades, Enterokocci, Staphylokocci, E. coli, Noro viruses and Herpes viruses.
As an entry source and carried over source can serve people but also the working devices and the working surroundings . Microorganisms need – if partially even very economically – suitable growth terms. This is to be switched off as a control mechanism for the observance of the hygiene. Also the influence and control of human factors is important.
A healthy person can deliver nearly 20,000 germs per minute in the surroundings. But this is not to be looked primarily as a danger for the life. Dangerously it becomes when pathogenic germs or illness causes come, e.g. by infections.
Not only a single person wants a perfect hygienically sphere, also the legislator has thought to himself to manage this in form of special regulations. Some special laws are demanded in the following. To prevent something must be recognised what it gives to prevent and avoid gives. This happens in a risk analysis. According to the risk analysis the actions to be taken must be defined and moved to make a hygienic long-term atmosphere. The keywords are here right cleaning and disinfection. Efficient disinfection occurs directly with cleaning. Furthermore one important rule is: without documentation there is no proof!
Hygiene can be checked by suitable supervision measures and good selfcontrolling possibilities. The aim of this lecture is a practical overview of the – for all of us - important issue “hygiene in the studio”.
by: Dr. rer. nat. Iris Eschenbacher
Übersetzung: keine (dieser Vortrag wird gesondert in Deutsch gehalten)